Unveiling LGBTQ+ Realities in India: Constitutional Analysis, Socio-Legal Challenges, and Identity Dynamics

Publication Information

Journal Title: Commonwealth Law Review Journal
Author(s): Ananya Singh
Published On: 29/08/2023
Volume: 9
First Page: 443
Last Page: 463
ISSN: 2581-3382
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

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Ananya Singh, Unveiling LGBTQ+ Realities in India: Constitutional Analysis, Socio-Legal Challenges, and Identity Dynamics, Volume 9, Commonwealth Law Review Journal, 443-463, Published on 29/08/2023, Available at https://clrj.thelawbrigade.com/article/unveiling-lgbtq-realities-in-india-constitutional-analysis-socio-legal-challenges-and-identity-dynamics/


Approximately 8% of the Indian population identifies as LGBTQ++, and a significant proportion remains unaware of this acronym’s complete meaning and significance. The effort to advocate for LGBTQ++ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, and other sexual and gender minorities) rights and recognition has been a worldwide one with several obstacles and accomplishments. In India, the approach to achieving LGBTQ++ rights have been fraught with difficulties, prejudices from society, and legal impediments traced back to ancient and medieval India.

Although the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India decriminalizes section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, the nation’s population’s willingness to embrace the LGBTQ++ population remained insufficient. Attempts have been undertaken to eliminate cultural restrictions associated with this population, such as giving career opportunities and creating a third gender category in the forms. Nevertheless, the obstacles remain in assuring their full rights, authentic approvals, and recognition of their real identities.  The community has been more outspoken about their feeling of triumph over their fear. The community is moving forward with the goal of realizing its dream, which is to create an equitable platform where everyone can participate on equal terms.

This paper analyses the legislative advances and judicial judgments that have affected the nation’s path toward LGBTQ++ equality, with an emphasis on the historic judgment that overturned Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. Furthermore, it assesses the present lawful structure with the comprehensive examination and review of LGBTQ++ rights and discrimination in India, assessing the progress achieved, the ongoing problems that obstruct complete protection under the law and social inclusion, and the route forward for the community to achieve real equality and inclusiveness. The research explores media portrayal and its impact on popular opinions regarding LGBTQ++ rights, highlighting the media’s role in shaping societal perspectives.

Keywords: Transgender, Society, Cultural restrictions, Ongoing problems, Legislative advances, Populations

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